Charging cords charge at different rates. Let’s break it down.

A **battery stores electrical charge**. It uses that electrical charge to power things. When we charge a battery, we are putting charge from the electrical grid into the battery.

The **max capacity of a battery** is defined by two things: the **amount of charge** it can store (in Coulombs, Electrons, or milli-Ampere hours) and **the voltage** or “energy” in each of those charged particles. You will often see those two components, amount of charge and voltage, **multiplied together giving you the energy in the battery** (Watt-Hours).

Scooter batteries are ~36 Volts but variable in charge capacity.

Let’s take the Ninebot ES2 as an example: Volts: 36 V Energy: 187 Watt Hours Charge: 187 Watt Hours / 36 Volts = 18,700 Coulombs

Now we need to figure out how long that will take to charge. The charger that Bird supplies chargers with is rated at 42 Volts and 2 Amps. The charger voltage needs to be above the battery voltage in order for charging to happen. Each Amp is 1 Coulomb per second.

So this cord is able to apply 2 Coulombs / second. Dividing 18,700 Coulombs / 2 Amps we get 2.5 hours if the cord is operating at full output the whole time.

But the charging cord isn’t able to output at 2 Amps the entire time. As the battery becomes full, the charging cord has to slow down so it doesn’t overfill the battery. That’s why you will often see charging from 0-50% is much faster than charging 50-100%. Adding on a fudge factor, **we get 3-3.5 hours to charge the ES2 battery**.

So if you are evaluating charging cords, look for two things:

**Output Voltage should be > 36 Volts****Output Amps higher is better, > 1.5 Amps is good**

You can find these numbers on the brick (transformer) that comes with each charging cord. For example, in the picture below, the cord outputs at 42 Volts and 1.7 Amps.

Here are some charge times that we have found for 0-100% and the standard Bird charging cord:

- Bird / Lime / Lyft — Xiaomi Mi M365 — 3.5 Hours
- Bird / Lime — Ninebot ES2 — 3.5 hours
- Lime — 5 hours

Any questions about this? Please contact us.